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Church of the Holy Sepulcher

The Church of the Holy Sepulcher (and the Resurrection), located in the Christian Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem.
At this place, Jesus Christ was crucified and three days later was resurrected.

The church was first build in 335AD. The church was destroyed and restored several times during the rule of the Byzantine Empire and the Crusaders. The Crusaders in the 12th century gave the church its current appearance.

Inside the church lies a reddish slab of stone. This is the Stone of the Unction (Anointing), where the body of Jesus was laid after being removed from the crucifix and prepared for burial. He was anointed and wrapped in. Many pilgrims kiss the stone or place crosses and additional items on it.

The Stone of Unction

The Stone of Unction

 

To the right of the entrance, several stairs lead us to the upper part of the church. This is the place where Jesus was crucified. This is the hill of the Golgotha.

In the level of the Golgotha hill, on the right is a chapel featuring a mosaic of Jesus being nailed to the cross. To the left is a chapel with a Cross on top of the bedrock, the hill of the Golgotha. These two chapels are two of the 14 Stations of the Cross of the Via Dolorosa (stations 11 and 12), the last journey of Jesus, before he was crucified on this place.

Under Golgotha is the Chapel of Adam. Here Adam was buried, and Jesus atoned for the original sins, mentioned in the Book of Genesis, with his blood dripping on Adam’s skull, after he was dead.

Chapel of Adam

Chapel of Adam

 

In the middle of the church, is the burial site itself. This is a structure covered by a big dome called the Rotunda. At the center of the Rotunda is a structure, the Edicule. The entrance to the edicule is through the Chapel of the Angel, leads to the Chapel of the Holy Sepulcher, which contains the tomb of Jesus. This is also the 14th Station of the Cross.

Bury Jesus in the Cave

Bury Jesus in the Cave

 

Steps leading down to the Chapel of Finding the Cross, where Helena, Emperor Constantine’s mother, had found and identified the True Cross.

Chapel of Finding the Cross

Chapel of Finding the Cross